Target Species for Biological Control



Distribution and Description of Agents

A national site for recording the distribution of weed biological control agents is available at http://root.ala.org.au/bdrs-core/wbiocont/home.htm. This web site aims to centralise information on the known distribution, availability and redistribution methods of weed biological control agents in south eastern Australia. This enables land managers and community groups seeking agents to identify sources of supply and apply appropriate redistribution techniques.

Target Species

The table below lists the target weed species approved for biological control by the Australian Weeds Committee (AWC) (prior to February 1983 and from March 2009) and the Natural Resource Management Standing Committee or its predecessors (February 1983 to February 2009) or under the Biological Control Act 1984. A link to the procedure for determining candidate weed species and/or control agents for biological control is at the bottom of this page.
In March 2009 the National Biosecurity Committee advised that AWC is to conduct the whole process and that Natural Resource Management Standing Committee approval is no longer required.

Scientific Name Common Name Approved By Approved At Date Applicant
Ageratina riparia mistflower AWC - 22/8/83 Qld Dept of Lands
Andredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis madeira vine NRMSC (13) OOS 13/02/2007 Qld Dept of Natural Resources & Mines
Ambrosia artemisiifolia annual ragweed AWC - 22/8/83 Qld Dept of Lands
Asparagus asparagoides bridal creeper SCA (147) Nelson (NZ) 12/02/1991 CSIRO Entomology
Bryophyllum delagoense mother-of-millions SCARM (18) OOS - June 2001 Queensland Dept of Natural Resources and Mines
Bryophyllum delagoense x B. diagremontianum hybrid mother-of-millions SCARM (18) OOS - June 2001 Queensland Dept of Natural Resources and Mines
Cabomba caroliniana cabomba NRMSC (12) Canberra 2/11/2006 CSIRO Entomology
Carduus nutans nodding or musk thistle SCA (136) Hobart 5-6/2/86 CSIRO
Div Entomology
Carduus
pycnocephalus
shore or slender thistle SCA (136) Hobart 5-6/2/86 CSIRO
Div Entomology
Carduus tenuiflorus shore, Italian, sheep or
winged slender thistle
SCA (136) Hobart 5-6/2/86 CSIRO
Div Entomology
Carduus thoermeri nodding thistle SCA (136) Hobart 5-6/2/86 CSIRO
Div Entomology
Chromolaena odorata Siam Weed AWC 21 Canberra 31/08/2010 Dept of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
spp monilifera
boneseed SCA (136) Hobart 5-6/2/86 NPWS, NSW
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
spp rotundata
bitou bush (NSW)
boneseed (Qld)
SCA (136) Hobart 5-6/2/86 NPWS, NSW
Cirsium arvense
(L) Scop.
perennial thistle SCA (141) Fremantle 21/2/88 PPC
Cirsium vulgare
(Salvi) Ten.
spear thistle SCA (141) Fremantle 21/2/88 PPC
Clidemia hirta Kostre's curse AWC29 OOS 30/4/2014 Qld Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
Cylindropuntia spp. cholla cacti AWC 27 Out of Session 13/6/2013 NSW Dept of Primary Industries
Cylindropuntia rosea Hudson Pear NBC 2 Out of Session 24/12/2008 NSW Dept of Primary Industries
Echium plantagineum Paterson's curse,
salvation Jane
BCA, 1985 +agents Gazette
No. 170
6/11/87  
Eichhornia crassipes water hyacinth AAC (95) - 31/1/76 Working Panel
Euphorbia paralias sea spurge AWC 21 Canberra 31/08/2010 CSIRO & Dept of Primary Industries, Parks, Water & Environment
Genista linifolia flax-leaved broom SCARM (12) Broome 29/7/98 DPIR, SA
Genista
monspessulana
cape broom SCARM (12) Broome 29/7/98 DPIR, SA
Genista stenopetala madeira broom SCARM (12) Broome 29/7/98 DPIR, SA
Heliotropum amplexicaule blue heliotrope SCARM (18) OOS - June 2001 CSIRO
Div Entomology and NSW Agriculture
Homeria flaccida cape tulips SCARM (13) Adelaide 3/3/99 Agriculture WA
Homeria miniata cape tulips SCARM (13) Adelaide 3/3/99 Agriculture WA
Jatropha curcas physic-nut SCARM (13) Adelaide 3/3/99 DPIF NT
Jatropha gossypifolia bellyache bush SCARM (13) Adelaide 3/3/99 DPIF NT
Macfadyena unguis-cati cat's claw creeper NRMSC (9) Adelaide 11/3/2005 Queensland Dept of Natural Resources and Mines
Marrubium vulgare horehound SCA (147) Nelson NZ 12-13/2/91 PPC
Miconia calvescens Miconia AWC29 OOS 30/4/2014 Qld Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
Mikania micrantha Mikania AWC29 OOS 30/4/2014 Qld Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
Mimosa invisa giant sensitive plant SCA (129) Port Moresby 27-29/7/83 PPC
Myrsiphyllum
asparagoides
bridal creeper SCA (147) Nelson NZ 12-13/2/91 PPC
Nassella neesiana Chilean needle grass NRMSC (10) Sydney 19/9/05 VIC
Nassella trichotoma serrated tussock SCARM (12) Broome 29/7/98 NSW
Agriculture
Onopordum
acanthium
L.
Scotch thistle SCA (141) Fremantle 21/2/88 PPC
Onopordum acaulon L. stemless thistle SCA (141) Fremantle 21/2/88 PPC
Onopordum
illyricum
L.
Illyrian thistle SCA (141) Fremantle 21/2/88 PPC
Onopordum
tauricum
Willd.
Taurian thistle SCA (141) Fremantle 21/2/88 PPC
Opuntia robusta wheel cactus Approved NRMSC15 OOS 18/4/08 Dept of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation (SA)
Parkinsonia aculeata Parkinsonia AWC - 22/8/83 Qld Dept of Lands
Phyla cansescens lippia NRMSC (12) Canberra 2/11/2006 CSIRO Entomology & NSW Dept of Environment & Conservation
Prosopis spp. mesquites SCA (147) Nelson NZ 12-13/2/91 PPC
Reseda lutea L. cutleaf mignonette SCARM (5) Melbourne 20-21/2/95 APPC
Reseda luteola L. wild mignonette SCARM (5) Melbourne 20-21/2/95 DPI, SA
Reseda phyteuma L. rampion mignonette SCARM (5) Melbourne 20-21/2/95 SARDI
Rubus fruticosus L. blackberry BCA, 1985
no agents
Gazette
No. 119
22/7/85  
Rumex acetosella sorrel SCA (129) Port Moresby 27-29/7/83 PPC
Rumex conglomeratus clustered dock SCA (129) Port Moresby 27-29/7/83 PPC
Rumex crispus curled dock SCA (129) Port Moresby 27-29/7/83 PPC
Rumex obtusifolius broad leaved dock SCA (129) Port Moresby 27-29/7/83 PPC
Rumex pulcher fiddle dock SCA (129) Port Moresby 27-29/7/83 PPC
Senecia
madagascariensis
fireweed SCA (147) Nelson NZ 12-13/2/91 PPC
Senna obtusifolia sicklepod AWC - 22/8/83 Qld Dept of Lands
Sida acuta spinyhead sida SCA (134) Melbourne 6-8/2/85 PPC
Sida cordifolia flannel weed SCA (134) Melbourne 6-8/2/85 APPC
Silyburn marianum
(L) J. Gaertn.
variegated thistle SCA (141) Fremantle 21/2/88 PPC
Solanum
elaeagnifolium
silverleaf nightshade SCA (136) Hobart 5-6/2/86 DCFL, Vic
Sporobolus africanus Parramatta grass NRMSC (14) OOS 01/08/2007 Qld Dept of Natural Resources & Mines
Sporobolus fertilis giant Parramatta grass NRMSC (14) OOS 01/08/2007 Qld Dept of Natural Resources & Mines
Sporobolus jacquemontii American rats tail grass NRMSC (14) OOS 01/08/2007 Qld Dept of Natural Resources & Mines
Sporobolus natalensis giant rat tail grass NRMSC (14) OOS 01/08/2007 Qld Dept of Natural Resources & Mines
Sporobolus pyramidalis giant rats tail grass NRMSC (14) OOS 01/08/2007 Qld Dept of Natural Resources & Mines
Tribulus terrestris caltrop SCA (143) Melbourne 7-8/2/89  
Ulex europaeus L. gorse, furze SCARM (6) Sydney 31/7/95 DPIF, Tas

Abbreviations:

AAC=Australian Agricultural Council
APCC=Animal and Plant Control Commision (SA)
AWC=Australian Weeds Committee
BCA=Biological Control Act 1985
DCFL=Victorian Department of Conservartion
DPI=Department of Primary Industry
DPIF=Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries
DPIR=Department of Primary Industries and Resources
NBC=National Biosecurity Committee
NPWS=National Parks and Wildlife Service
NRMSC=Natural Resource Management Standing Committee
PPC=Plant Production Committee (a subcommittee of SCARM)
SARDI=South Australian Research and Delevopment Institute
SCA=Standing Committee on Agrticulture
SCARM=Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management, Forests and Lands.

Note: Number in brackets is the meeting number.

There are additional weed biological control programs which pre existed the AWC approval process. Included in this group are prickly pear and lantana programs, where agents were first introduced in 1914.This list is included below. Public interest in these weeds may have changed over the years.

The first biological control approved listing was implemented by the Australian Weeds Committee. Following this the NRMSC Procedure for Determining Candidate Weed Species and/or Control Agents for Biological Control was developed.

The current full procedure can be downloaded in PDF format - NRMSC Approved Procedure for Determining Candidate Weed Species and/or Control Agents for Biological Control (90 kb)

Weed Biological Control Programmes in Operation Prior to the Introduction of the Formal Target List

    Acacia nilotica ssp. Indica, prickly acacia;
    Acanthocereus pentagonus, sword pear;
    Ageratina adenophora, crofton weed;
    Alternanthera philoxeroides, alligator weed;
    Baccharis halimifolia, groundsel bush;
    Cryptostegia grandiflora, rubbervine;
    Cytisus scoparius, broom;
    Harrisia bonplandii, Harrisia cactus;
    Harrisia martini, Harrisia cactus;
    Harrisia tortuosus, Harrisia cactus;
    Lantana camara, lantana;
    Lantana montevidensis, creeping lantana
    Mimosa pigra, mimosa;
    Opuntia aurantiaca, tiger pear;
    Opuntia dillenii, spiny pest pear;
    Opuntia imbricata, rope pear;
    Opuntia monocantha, drooping tree pear;
    Opuntia streptacantha, white spine prickly pear;
    Opuntia stricta, common prickly pear;
    Opuntia tomentose, velvet tree pear;
    Parthenium hysterophorus, parthenium weed;
    Pistia stratiotes, water lettuce;
    Salvinia molesta, salvinia;
    Sida rhombifolia, paddy's lucerne;
    Xanthium strumarium, noogoora burr;

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