Weed legislation contact
Mr David Cooke
Senior Biosecurity Advisor, Weeds
NRM Biosecurity, PIRSA
GPO Box 1671
ADELAIDE SA 5001
Phone: (08) 8303 9510
As of 1 July 2005, the relevant legislation is the Natural Resources Management Act, 2004. The NRM Act repealed the previous relevant legislation, the Animal and Plant Control (Agricultural Protection and Other Purposes) Act 1986.
The NRM Act is administered by the Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, and implemented throughout the State by Natural Resource Management authorities; these may be the eight regional Natural Resource Management Boards or Natural Resource Management groups set up at the local level. The Animal and Plant Control Boards set up under the former Animal and Plant Control (Agricultural Protection and Other Purposes) Act, 1986, remain in operation as local Natural Resource Management groups during the transition period. Natural Resource Management authorities employ local Authorised Officers to inspect properties.
Section 174 of the Act states:
(1) The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette-
Section 175 of the Act states:
(a) declare that a specified provision of this Chapter applies to
(i) a specified class of animals, or
(ii) a specified class of plants, and
(b) in addition, with respect to a class of animals or plants specified under paragraph (a), do either or both of the following:
(i) declare that a specified area (which may be the whole or a part of the State) is a control area for that class of animals or plants for the purposes of that provision;
(ii) declare that a prohibition contained in that provision operates as an absolute prohibition in relation to that class of animals or plants and control area (if any).
(1) Subject to this Act, a person must not bring an animal or plant of a class to which this subsection applies, or cause or permit an animal or plant of a class to which this subsection applies to be brought, into a control area for that class of animals or plants.
(2) Subject to this Act, a person must not transport or move, or cause or permit to be transported or moved, on a public road within a control area for a class of plants to which this subsection applies-
(a) a plant of that class; or
(b) any animal, plant, soil, vehicle, farming implement or other produce, goods, material or thing carrying a plant of that class.
Section 177 states:
(1) Subject to this Act, a person must not sell an animal or plant of a class to which this subsection applies.
(2) Subject to this Act, a person must not sell any animal, plant, soil, vehicle, farming implement or other produce, goods, material or thing carrying a plant of a class to which this subsection applies.
Key points are that the Act:
- Provides for enforced control or destruction of declared plants in part or all of the State;
- Regulates entry and movement of declared plants within the State; and
- Prevents the sale of produce contaminated with seeds of a declared plant anywhere in the State
Plants may be declared under one or more sections of the Act, each section regarding a specific provision for control of plants:
- Section 175 restricting the movement of plants or produce or goods carrying such plants;
- Section 177 restricting the sale of plants or produce or goods carrying such plants;
- Section 180 requiring the notification of the presence of plants; and
- Section 182 requiring the owner of land to destroy or control plants.
Control of a weed infestation can be enforced under section 183 by an Authorised Officer who requires the land owner to prepare and implement an action plan.
Independently of these sections, declared plants are also grouped into three categories which set the the level of the maximum penalty that may be imposed for breaches of the Act.
While declared plants are grouped into 66 classes in the Minister's declaration according to the various provisions of the Act applying to each one, these are generalised groupings. Several different provisions of the Act can apply to the same class of declared plants. However, it should be noted that the Department and Natural Resource Management authorities do not refer to these numbered classes in policy documents, fact sheets or other publicly available information.
Owners are responsible for the control of declared plants on their own lands. This includes government departments and agencies on the lands that they own and/or manage. The local Natural Resource Management authorities are responsible for the control of declared plants on road reserves and are empowered under section 185 of the Act to recover costs of control work from the adjoining landowners. The Department of Environment and Heritage is responsible for the control of declared plants on unalienated Crown lands, although the local Natural Resource Management authorities may undertake this work on behalf of the Department.
Further information, including the SA list of declared plants, can be found at www.pir.sa.gov.au/biosecuritysa/nrm_biosecurity/weeds/pest_weed_policies
Contact your local Natural Resources Centre for information on controlling declared weeds at www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au
Further weed control information is also available at www.pir.sa.gov.au/biosecuritysa
The codes in the table give an indication of weed status, however the species management plan should be consulted at http://www.pir.sa.gov.au/biosecuritysa/nrm_biosecurity/weeds/pest_weed_policies. To understand the full regulatory requirements.
||Plant must be destroyed
||Plant must be destroyed in part of the State only
||Control required in part of the State only
||Control not required (but sale prohibited)
||Notifiable throughout the State
||Notifiable in part of the State only
||Declared plant with various regional management actions
||Cuscuta spp. (all non-native species not specifically referred to in this list)
||Cynara cardunculus (unless grown or harvested as a crop)
||Diplotaxis tenuifolia (unless grown or harvested as crop)
||Distichlis spicata cv. ‘Nypa Reclamation' and any cultivars of Distichlis spicata consisting of lines that include seedbearing individuals.
||Eragrostis curvula (excluding the cultivar `Consol')
||Kochia scoparia (not including the cultivar 'Trichophylla')
||Olea europaea (excluding cultivated trees)
||Orobanche spp. (except O. australiana and O. minor)
||Pinus halepensis (excluding cultivated trees)
||Rubus fruticosus sp. agg. (excluding cultivars ‘Black Satin’, ‘Chester Thornless’, ‘Dirksen Thornless’, ‘Loch Ness’, ‘Smoothstem’ and ‘Thornfree’)
||Salix spp. (excluding S. babylonica, S. calodendron and S. reichardtii)
||Striga spp., (excluding Striga curviflora, Striga multiflora, Striga parviflora and Striga squamigera)